Puerto Galera Bay
Philippines
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General information about Puerto Galera Bay

The Bay of Puerto Galera is located South of Manila, around 3 to 4 hours travel time by land and sea. It is nested on the Northern part of the island of Mindoro, in the center of the volcanic archipelago of the Philippines. Mindoro is the 7th largest island of the country, it covers about 10,000 km2 of largely forested land. Its strategic position on the sea routes (Indonesia, China, Sumatra and Java.) and its very safe natural harbor turned it into a trading port well-known by the navigators since at least the 10th century; its name was given in 1570 by Spanish explorers.

Its natural configuration, a closed bay of 4 km², and its eco systems make of it a genuine marine” jewelry box”; it belongs since 1979 to a “Human Reserve of Man and Biosphere” (MAB programe of UNESCO) of which one of the principal tasks is the conservation of the coral and forest reefs. Currently, the major challenge is to make compatible the development of bay, in particular tourist, with the protection of its ecosystems, its traditional lifestyle and culture (Mangyan), its landscapes.

La baie de Puerto Galera est situé au sud de Manile, en Philippines, à 3-4 heures de voyage par terre et par mer. Elle est nichée au nord de l’île de Mindoro, au centre de l’archipel volcanique des Philippines. Mindoro est la 7e île du pays, avec près de 10 000 km² de paysage majoritairement forestier. Sa position stratégique aux routes maritimes (Indonésie, Chine, Sumatra, Java) et son port naturel assez sûr l’ont transformé en un port de commerce bien connu des navigateurs depuis au moins le Xe siècle; elle a reçu son nom en 1570 des explorateurs espagnols.

Sa configuration naturelle est celle d’une baie fermée de 4 km², et ses ecosystèmes font d’elle une vraie «boîte à bijoux» maritime. Depuis 1979 elle appartient au programme MAB d’UNESCO («Réserve de l’Homme et de la Biosphère») dont une des tâches est de préserver les récifs de corail et forestiers. L’enjeu en ce moment est de faire en sorte que le développement de la baie, surtout au niveau touristique, avec la protection de son éco-système, son mode de vie et culture Mangyan traditionnels et ses paysages soient compatibles.

Natural Environment
Coastline
Volcanic archipelago
Climate
Tropical, warm, humid
Temperatures
Moyenne annuelle: 27 ° C
Amplitude annuelle: from 22°C to 32°C
Precipitations
Annual: 2 000 mm
Distribution: Monsoon July to December
Biogeographic Classification
Tropical humid forest with coastal/marine component (Indomalayan)
Human Environment
Language
English, Tagalog
Local Economy
Fishing Agriculture Tourism
Demography
Population (inhab.): 23 000
Density (inhab/km2): 100 . 50 % less than 20 years old
Human Development Index
Médium
Ecological Footprint
1, 2y ; BC 6 :Alive traditions
Heritage and Credentials
Natural Heritage
Reserve biosphere (232 km²) : Forest with endemic species, 9 varieties of seagrass (total of 16 in the world), 20 species of mangroves trees out of 40 in the Philippines, 152 coral species out of 400 in the country, 121 species of fish, tortoises..marble, gold.
Cultural Heritage
Traditional culture of Mangyans (natives living of hunting and gathering) divided into 8 groups having their name, language and habits of which the Iraya group in Puerto Galera.
Coastal Management
Plan of management of the Bay has been completed last June 2005 for the 2006-2010 period
Criteria retained by the club
BN 4 : Natural habitats (forest, seagrass, corals, ..) ; BC 3 : Testimony on a civilisation (Mangyan)
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