Nha Trang Bay
Vietnam
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General Information about Nha Trang Bay

The bay of Nha Trang is located at the province of Khan Hoa, the southern maritime area of Central Vietnam. Nha Trang city is the political, economic, cultural center of this province; it’s build in the estuary of Cai river and is surounded by 4 montains (“Long Son” = dragon, “Sinh Trung”= éléphant, “Trai Thuy = tortue, “Hoa Son” = chauve souris).

With a surface of 507 km², the bay extends between Cay Cape (north) and Dong Ba Cape (south); the coastline (103 km) includes two distinct parts – continental and islander – thus contributing to a great biodiversity but also to the development of the maritime activities: tourism, aquaculture and product processing and transportation.

La baie de Nha Trang est localisée à la province de Khan Hoa, la zone maritime méridional du Viêt Nam Central. Nha Trang est le centre politique, économique et culturel de cette province, bâtie sur l’estuaire de la rivière Cai et entourée de quatre montagnes : Long Son (le dragon), Sinh Trung (l’éléphant), Trai Thuy (la tortue) et Hoa Son (la chauve-souris).

Avec une surface de 507 km², la baie va du cap Cay au nord jusqu’au cap Dong Ba au sud ; ses 103 km de côte se divisent entre la partie continentale et la partie insulaire, contribuant ainsi à une grande biodiversité et aussi au développement d’activités maritimes tels que le tourisme, l’aquaculture et le traitement des produits. Ses plus grandes préoccupations sont la pollution environnementale, l’exploitation illégale des ressources minérales et forestiers et l’urbanisation rapide.

Natural Environment
Coastline
Rocky and indented
Climate
Tropical climate at season dries
Temperatures
Annual average : 25° C
Annual amplitude : between 19° C and 31 ° C
Precipitations
Annual : 2 000 mm
Distribution : Rains of monsoon of summer
Biogeographic classification
--
Human Environment
Language
Vietnamien
Local Economy
Tourism - Craft industryTourism (48%) - Industry (37%) - agro-forestry (16%)
Demography
Population (inhab.) : 400 000
Density (inhab/km2) :
Human Development Index
Vietnam : 0,688
Ecological Footprint
Vietnam : o,76
Heritage and Credentials
Natural Heritage
Marine flora : 100 varieties of coral, algae ; marine fauna : 200 rare species ; protected islands like Hon Mun (sea swallows) ; mangroves, lagoons, beaches of sand,
Cultural Heritage
Temples, alive traditionsPoh Nagar temple, Long Song Pagoda, Dien Khanh Citadel, Institut Pasteur and Institute of Oceanographic, alive traditions like the collect nests of swallows
Coastal Management
Hon Mun Marine Protected Area Pilot Project (first zone of biological conservation maritime of Vietnam)
Criteria retained by the club
BN 5 : Homogeneous unity ; BC 6 : Alive traditions
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