Lang Co-Hue Bay
Vietnam
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General information about Lang Co-Hue Bay

Lang Co Bay (‘Village of the Storks’) is located in central Vietnam and at the bottom of Vai Van Pass (Pass of the Cloud – at an altitude of 496 m) which comprises two different climatic zones.

It is served by Highway No 1, the central road going to Hue, an ancient imperial town classified as a UNESCO World Heritage in 1993.

Lang Co is part of a larger natural set which includes mountains, a river, a lagoon, an island and a 32-km beach.

This natural diversity generates an important biodiversity, including protected marine species such as corals, molluscs, fishes, shellfishes and turtles. Its ecosystems of high biological value are also economically important, as the natural resources are used in the fishing industry, the production of everyday utensils (such as bags and baskets) and fertiliser or even in medical products (active substances extracted from coral).

Due to its location and its natural and cultural wealth, the bay is part of the national tourism development plan and the government has the willingness to protect and enhance its natural and cultural wealth.

La baie de Lang Co (« village des cigognes ») est située au centre du Vietnam et au pied du col de Vai Van (col du nuage, à 496 m d’altitude), délimitant deux zones à différents climats.

La baie est desservie par l’autoroute n° 1, la route centrale menant à Hue, une ancienne ville impériale inscrite au patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO en 1993.

Lang Co fait partie d’un plus grand ensemble naturel qui comprend des montagnes, une rivière, une lagune, une île et une plage de 32 km.

Cette diversité naturelle génère une biodiversité importante, y compris des espèces marines protégées telles que les coraux, les mollusques, les poissons, les crustacés et les tortues. Ses écosystèmes de grande valeur biologique sont également importants du point de vue économique, car les ressources naturelles sont utilisées dans l’industrie de la pêche, la production d’ustensiles de tous les jours (sacs et paniers) et d’engrais, voire même des produits médicaux (substances actives extraites du corail).

En raison de son emplacement et de sa richesse naturelle et culturelle, la baie fait partie du plan de développement touristique national et le gouvernement souhaite protéger et améliorer sa richesse naturelle et culturelle.

Local Partners:
Natural Environment
Coastline
Dunes with lagoons
Climate
Tropical with winter and summer monsoons
Temperatures
Annual average : 24°C
Thermal amplitude : 20 to 28°C
Amplitude annuelle:
Precipitations
Annual : 2900 mm
Distribution : 3 months from September to November
Biogeographic Classification
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas and shortlands
Human Environment
Language
Vietnamese
Local Economy
Tourism, fishery, agriculture
Demography
Channay - Lang Co economical zone.
Population (inhab.) : 40 000
Human Development Index
0,725 (Vietnam)
Ecological Footprint
0,76 ha (Vietnam)
Heritage and Credentials
Natural Heritage
One of Vietnam’s 15 marine sanctuaries with 5 key ecosystems of major biological value shown by its numerous species: corals (144), marine herbariums (31/animals and 151/fishes); mangrove (14/flora); proximity of Bach Ma National Park (37,000 ha) also with numerous species: flora (1406); animals (132); birds (358); reptiles; pheasants (7/12); (biosphere reserve project).
Cultural Heritage
Tuy Van Mountain poetical landscapes (pagodas, temples); 'Road of heritage Centre' which includes the cave Phong Nha (Quang Binh), the imperial capital of Hue (Unesco – 1993 : political, cultural and religious centre under the Nguyen dynasty until 1945), the ancient city of Hoi An (Unesco – 1999 : South-East Asian trading port dating from the 15th to the 19th century), the towers of My Son (Unesco – 1999 : the religious and political capital of the Champa Kingdom IVe au XIIIe siècle)
Coastal Management
General management plan and sustainable development plan of the tourism zone (associating tourism services with agriculture and local fishing).
Criteria retained by the club
BC 3: Tuy Van; Hue; My Son. BN 2: Marine (Lang Co) and terrestrial (Bach Ma) ecosystems.
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