Boka Kotorska
Montenegro
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General information about Boka Kotorska

Bouches de Kotor, or simply Boka (“the Bay”), is a winding bay of the Adriatic Sea, in southwestern Montenegro.

Its well-preserved medieval towns of Kotor, Risan, Tivat, Perast, Prčanj and Herceg Novi, along with their natural surroundings, are major tourist attractions. Natural and Cultural-Historical Region of Kotor has been a World Heritage Site since 1979.

Its numerous Orthodox and Catholic churches and monasteries make it a major pilgrimage site.

The bay is about 28 km long with a shoreline extending 107.3 km. It is surrounded by two massifs of the Dinaric Alps: the Orjen mountains to the west, and the Lovćen mountains to the east. The narrowest section of the bay, the 2300 m long Verige Strait, is only 340 m wide at its narrowest point. The bay is aria of the vanished Bokelj River that used to run from the high mountain plateaus of Mount Orjen.

The bay is composed of several smaller broad bays, united by narrower channels. The bay inlet was formerly a river system. Tectonic and karstification processes led to the disintegration of this river. After heavy rains the waterfall of Sopot spring at Risan appears, and Škurda, another well-known spring runs through a canyon from Lovćen.

Often referred to as the southernmost fjord in Europe, the Boka Bay is in fact a drowned river canyon. The high mountains that bend around the coastline protect the bay from the open sea and from the cold climate of the north in winter. This allows an abundance of Mediterranean vegetation to grow: agave, palm, mimosa, oleander, kiwi, pomegranate and medicinal herbs can all flourish in these temperatures.

Connue simplement comme Boka ou «la baie», Kotor est une sinueuse baie de la mer Adriatique au sud-ouest du Montenegro.

Habitée depuis l’antiquité, la baie est jalonnée par des villes médiévales assez bien préservées: Kotor, Risan, Tivat, Perast, Prčani et Herceg Novi, des grandes attractions touristiques dont la région naturelle et culturelle-historique est depuis 1979 un Site de Patrimoine Mondial UNESCO. C’est aussi un site de pèlerinage suite à ses églises et monastères orthodoxes et catholiques.

Avec 28 km de longueur et 107.3 km de côtes, la baie est entourée par deux massifs des Alpes Dinariques: à l’ouest les montagnes Orien, à l’est les montagnes Lovćen. La section la plus étroite de la baie est le détroit de Verige avec 2300 m de longueur, et 340 m de largeur à son point le plus étroit. La baie est ce qui reste du disparu fleuve Bokelj que s’écoulait depuis des hauts plateaux du Mont Orien.

Kotor est composée de plusieurs baies plus petites, unies par des canaux plus étroits. Originellement il s’agissait d’un système fluvial dont les procès tectoniques et de karstification l’ont désagregé. Après de fortes pluies, la cascade de la source de Sopot apparaît à Risan, avec une autre source assez connue à Škurda, tombant d’une gorge de Lovćen.

Le point le plus extérieur de la baie est la baie de Tivat (Teodo). Vers la mer on retrouve la baie de Herceg Novi (Castelnuovo), entrée principale de la baie de Kotor.

Local Partners: www.kotor.me
Natural Environment
Coastline
High and intented coasts
Climate
Mediterranean (dry summer)
Temperatures
Annual average : 16° C
Thermal average : between 7,3° C and 26,1° C
Precipitations
Annual : 885 mm
Distribution : all seasons - maximum of autumn
Biogeographic Classification
Mediterranean forests, woodlands and scrub (Palaeartic west)
Human Environment
Language
Montenegrin, Serbian, Croatian
Local Economy
Tourism - Agriculture – Fishing -Sailing
Demography
Population (inhab.) : 71 443
Density (inhab/km2): 108
Human Development Index
Montenegro : Unkowed
Ecological Footprint
Montenegro : 2,14
Heritage and Credentials
Natural Heritage
Mediterranean fjord. Boka Kotorska is a unique bay of the Mediterranean. It is an exceptional cultural landscape created through harmonious symbiosis of natural phenomena and built heritage. Various morphological, geological and hydrological phenomena contributed to turning this area into an exceptional creation of nature of high quality, unique not only on the Mediterranean but also, with its entirety and anthropogenic component, in the world. The Bay is surrounded by steep limestone mountains of the Dinaric Alps, reaching its highest elevation of 1895 m (Mt Orjen) and the greatest depth in the Bay (52 m), which makes this area one of the rare holokarst areas in the worlds, with particularly expressed karst morphology and hydrology.
Cultural Heritage
The towns and bigger and smaller settlements lining the coast of the Bay represent diverse and distinctive ensembles. Although each settlement has its own urban and cultural characteristics, it achieves the unity and continuity of cultural heritage of the whole area. Sacral architecture of the settlements developed through blending of different, especially Romanesque and Baroque styles, while profane architecture created different forms of houses, through mixture of vernacular architecture and influences of the Mediterranean, the West and the East. Due to its exceptional universal cultural and natural values one part of the Bay of Boka Kotorske, i.e. the area of Kotor, which includes two smaller bays of Kotor and Risan, has been inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List since 1979.
Coastal Management
Provided by Morsko Dobro
Criteria retained by the club
BN 1 : Geological process ; BN 3 : Aesthetic importance
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