Bodrum Bay
Turkey
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General information about Bodrum Bay

The bay of Bodrum is situated on the Aegean coast of South West Turkey on the south side of the Bodrum peninsula. The area was a pivotal axis for trade and communication for some thousands of years: Hittites, Persians, Greeks, Byzantines, Ottomans and traders of other Mediterranean countries.

The ancient city of Bodrum was named Halicarnassos, famous for its mausoleum, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, of which only the site and some exhibits remain. It was the birthplace of Heroditos, acknowledged as the world’s first historian. The town is dominated by the Bodrum Castle, a fortress built by the Knights of St. John during the crusades. Around the peninsula are many bays and villages where before the growth of tourism the main activities were mainly dependent on the sea.

Bodrum has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate. Winter average is around 15 °C and in the summer 34 °C, with very sunny spells. Summers are hot and mostly sunny and winters are mild and humid.

La baie de Bodrum se situe à la côte égéenne du sud-est de la Turquie, au sud de la péninsule de Bodrum. Cette région est depuis des milliers d’années un axe de commerce et communication entre Hittites, persans, grecs, byzantins, ottomans et d’autres commerçants de la Méditerranée.

Bodrum était connue à l’Antiquité comme Halicarnossos, et était célèbre pour son mausolée considéré une des sept merveilles du monde antique, mais dont seul le site et une poignée d’artefacts survivent. C’est à Bodrum qui est né Hérodote, reconnu comme le premier historien du monde, et la ville est dominée par le château de Bodrum, une forteresse bâtie pendant les Croisades par les Chevaliers de Saint Jean. La péninsule est peuplée de baies et villages qui étaient plutôt dépendantes de la mer avant l’arrivée du tourisme.

Local Partners: www.bodrumislife.com
Natural Environment
Coastline
Some sandy bays and rocky areas
Climate
Mediterranean climate
Temperatures
Annual average : 16, 5 ° C
Thermal amplitude : de 2° C à 32 ° C
Precipitations
Annual : 600 mm
Distribution : Rains of winter

Biogeographic Classification
Mediterranean forests, woodlands and scrub (Palaeartic west)
Human Environment
Language
Turkish
Local Economy
Tourism, fishing, shipbuilding - Craft, industry of clothes, industry, agriculture
Demography
Population (inhab.) : 35 000
Density (inhab/km2) : 100
Human Development Index
Turkey : 0,734
Ecological Footprint
Turkey : 1,98
Heritage and Credentials
Natural Heritage
Mediterranean coast
Cultural Heritage
6000 years of history : Halikarnassos (the Mausoleum and the amphitheatre), the castle of Saint-Peter
Coastal Management
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Criteria retained by the club
BC2 : Testimony of exchanges ; BC3 : Testimony on a civilisation
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